This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. By clicking or navigating the site you agree to allow our collection of information through cookies. More info

2 minutes to read Posted on Monday March 25, 2019

Updated on Monday November 6, 2023

portrait of Emily D’Alterio

Emily D’Alterio

Former Editorial & PR Officer , Europeana Foundation

Women in culture and tech: Sandra Fauconnier, art historian and GLAM project officer

We hear from Europeana Network Association (ENA) member Sandra Fauconnier. She discusses the importance of building sustainable digital resources and the need to rethink traditional notions of leadership. 

Sandra Fauconnier, photo by Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 4.0
Initiation? ceremony, Magdalenian. Nine partially clothed women and one young man.
Wellcome Collection
United Kingdom

From Sandra...

I'm Sandra Fauconnier, born in 1973, an art historian who loves the internet, and a Belgian citizen who has settled in the Netherlands. Throughout my career, I have worked on online projects in the cultural sector - from small and very specialised archives of new media art to large general collaboration platforms like Wikipedia.

I've seen many passing trends and short-lived projects in this field, and have witnessed many digital resources disappear forever; today, this makes me quite passionate about longer-term thinking, online collaboration, and commons-based resources in the digital heritage field.

At this moment I work (remotely) for the Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit organisation that supports Wikipedia and its other Wikimedia sister projects, as Program Officer in the GLAM (Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums) team. I work on Structured Data on Commons, a project that turns Wikipedia's free media repository, Wikimedia Commons, into a true Linked Open Data platform by integrating Wikidata into it.

Can you tell me about women on Wikimedia projects?

Wikipedia, the volunteer-driven free encyclopedia, has a well-documented gender gap. A minority of Wikipedia editors publicly identify as female, and content about women (from biographies to women's history) is underrepresented too. The Wikimedia community is quite aware of this, and over the last decade, many activist initiatives have emerged to address this issue. Examples include the yearly Art+Feminism campaign (note: earlier mentioned in last week's interview with Medhavi) in which many new Wikipedia articles about women artists are created and the long-term project Women in Red on English Wikipedia where Wikipedians consistently work to increase and improve coverage of women. Personally, I am a member of the gender gap taskforce on the Dutch-language Wikipedia. Our group gathers at least monthly - hosted in Amsterdam at Atria Institute on gender equality and women's history - and we improve and create hundreds of new Wikipedia articles each year. Cultural institutions actually play a large role in helping to make women more visible on Wikipedia and other Wikimedia projects: Wikimedians often discover notable women via GLAM collections, and we can illustrate their Wikipedia articles with freely licensed images that are made available by cultural institutions.

Wikimedia volunteers working on Wikipedia articles that address the gender gap, at the library of Atria, Amsterdam, 20 April 2018. Photo by Ciell, CC BY-SA 4.0
Wikimedia volunteers working on Wikipedia articles that address the gender gap, at the library of Atria, Amsterdam, 20 April 2018. Photo by Ciell, CC BY-SA 4.0

How did you get into your field?

I studied art history in the mid-1990s. During my studies, I became fascinated by the internet and the world wide web and learned to create websites with endearingly hand-crafted HTML. I wrote a Master's thesis about internet-based art (probably the first one ever!), which around 2000 led me to the job of archivist for V2_ Institute for the Unstable Media - a pioneering organisation in new media arts in Rotterdam - and in 2007 as collections officer for the former Netherlands Media Art Institute (currently known as LIMA), a distributor of video and new media art (I still have a strong passion for net art and new media art, which I think are scandalously underrepresented in contemporary art collections around the world!). In later jobs - as project lead for ARTtube, a video platform for Dutch museums, and in various positions for the Wikimedia movement - I have been able to work on other passions of mine: online representation of cultural heritage, and connecting heritage across collection silos.

What are the challenges for women in the workforce today? What can be done to improve matters?

I think the challenges are well-known - work-life balance and equal appreciation and pay. I do think we are going in the right direction; today, these topics are definitely publicly discussed much more than when I entered the workforce in the late 1990s, and we should keep discussing them and fighting for them. I have always appreciated how, in my own networks in the Netherlands, part-time work is considered normal. In some of my previous jobs, even senior managers and directors have worked part-time, which goes a long way in giving people - both men and women - space and assurance to dedicate time to care for self and others, to their families and social lives.

Do you feel that women are sufficiently empowered and present in leadership positions?

I prefer to talk about empowerment, growth and appreciation. Do we reward every (female) professional enough, so that they can grow and sustain themselves financially and autonomously? Personally, I like to work in situations where there is not a lot of hierarchy and where people can grow and are appreciated in positions that suit their interests and skills. Sometimes that involves leadership in the narrow sense, sometimes people management, sometimes mentorship, sometimes deep engagement with content and technology, sometimes bridge-building, or other skills. Leadership by itself feels like a very 'masculine' concept to me and I think that many positions that are about care, maintenance and connection are equally valuable. In that regard: yes, I do think we should continuously work to make our organisations more rewarding environments, with room for growth beyond leadership for people with diverse skill-sets. That said, I simply also want to see more women in formal leadership positions indeed - many of the best leaders I know are women.

What message would you share with women in the sector today?

Celebrate each others' successes. Mentor younger people. Embrace all the diverse and unique ways in which we build lives and careers that are rewarding to us - especially if people make different choices than you would. On the individual level, I can recommend one attitude that still takes me some effort to master, but it continues to help me tremendously: don't take things personally. It is so liberating!

What digital communities or networks do you find rewarding?

Definitely the Wikimedia community! I'm very happy to call many Wikimedians my friends. Volunteers of Wikimedia projects are often very bright people; sophisticated and passionate about knowledge, and surprisingly good at exuberant dance parties, beer tasting, and karaoke. I mostly interact with volunteers active on GLAM-Wiki projects (collaborations between cultural institutions and Wikimedians), where I have met many fascinating, dedicated 'laypeople' who display the deepest online cultural participation I've ever seen. Where else would you find volunteers who describe hundreds of thousands of artworks on Wikidata in their free time, who organize major worldwide heritage photo competitions, or scour online collections of digitised books for underrepresented female artists who deserve Wikipedia articles?

WikiWomen meetup at Wikimania 2017. Wikimania is the annual Wikimedia conference. Photo Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 3.0
WikiWomen meetup at Wikimania 2017. Wikimania is the annual Wikimedia conference. Photo Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 3.0

Who (or what) inspires you at the moment?

It's hard to choose! I have no big personal heroes, but I always feel energised when seeing the ongoing activist dedication of many of my peers in the general OpenGLAM movement and of people working on underrepresented heritage. I try to absorb as much inspiration as possible, from contemporary art to sci-fi novels and cat memes. Regular long walks and bike rides help to keep my mind fresh.

Want more? Visit our exhibition Pioneers which highlights the lives and achievements of historical European women. Visit the full list of profiles for the Women in Culture and Tech series - we publish three profiles per week throughout March.