The National Library of Malta possesses a small but interesting collection of sixty incunabula, among them Ptolemy’s Cosmographia (Rome, 1490) which contains an engraved map of the Mediterranean showing Malta in the centre.
This collection contains nearly 15,000 charters in the public domain held at the Biblioteca de Catalunya. The documents range from the 10th until the 16th centuries, and are mainly in Latin with a focus on Spanish locations and individuals.
The collection contains old and rare books from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries, mostly in Latin and Italian.These books are about medieval history and literature regarding the Renaissance and the Reformation period.
The collection gathers several precious items, for example the first French encyclopedia in the vernacular language 'Image du monde' by Gossuin de Metz and the wonderful richly illustrated atlas of Nautical Charts by Abraham Cresques.