Aggregators and providers
An aggregator in the context of Europeana is an organisation that collects metadata from a group of data providers and transmits it to Europeana. Aggregators also support the data providers with administration, operations and training.
Europeana aims to create strong partnerships and support the development of aggregators on a national level in Europe and of pan-European aggregators representing a specific segment or sector.
Europeana supports national initiatives not only because of the operational efficiency that a centralised structure brings to Europeana but also because of the results and added value it brings to the different organisations involved.
Besides getting direct data contributions from national aggregation initiatives, Europeana gets contributions from pan-European aggregators, for example, EU-funded projects representing a specific segment or sector. These projects enable large amounts of data provision to Europeana, create aggregation, improve data, solve language issues and develop new technologies.
Types of Aggregators:
Three aggregation types are currently shaping the aggregation landscape – country, project and independent organisations.
Each type of aggregator can represent a geographic (local, national or European) or domain level (cross, single, thematic). See table below.
- Regional aggregator: institution collects data from a region only.
- National initiatives: single or cross-domain aggregators who have been appointed by a country's Ministry to take on the aggregation role in the country.
- National aggregator: collects data from their native cultural heritage institutions. National aggregators are often present in a country where no national initiative has been appointed by the Ministry.
National aggregators and national initiatives are the first points of reference for Europeana when accessing data from a particular country.
Project aggregators are organisations that have joined a project consortium with a specific aim and purpose. Project aggregators aim to aggregate within a specific theme or by domain (single or cross).
Organisational aggregators are independent organisations (with no Ministry or other mandate) that have taken on an aggregation role representing geographic and/or domain levels (thematic, single or cross).
|Domain||Cross||Aggregate data across domains e.g. Erfgoedplus.be|
|Single||Data from a single domain at regional, national or international levels e.g. APEx Project|
|Thematic||e.g. Collections of Jewish culture project Judaica|
|Geographic||Regional or national||Data at a regional and national level can be either single domain, e.g. national library, or cross-domain, e.g. collectionstrust.org.uk|
|Pan-European||Represent a specific segment or sector of cultural heritage by aggregating data on a European level, e.g. TheEuropeanLibrary.org|
|National Aggregation Initiatives||Organisation(s) appointed by their Ministry to take on the role as aggregator in the country, and can be cross- or domain-specific. A cross-domain example is Hispana.mcu.es|